The Nollywood Sign

$3 billion 

This is how much the Nollywood industry made in 2014. 

“Kenneth Nnebue shot a straight-to-video movie in one month, on a budget of just $12,000. Living in Bondage sold more than a million copies, mostly by street vendors, and Nollywood – Nigeria’s movie industry – was born.” (Bright 2015).

Source here.

Source here.

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Is It Okay To Cross A Cultural Boundary?

Do you think it’s okay  to cross the boundaries?

Transnational film was something that instantly sparked my attention in class. It pretty much means that when a movie claims to be about a certain culture, it actually wasn’t even made by that culture, but only represents it through cast and location. When discussing transnational film, we spoke of the well known movie Slumdog Millionaire.

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At a first glance, I instantaneously wanted to choose my grandma as the character for my audio piece. However, she lives too far of a commute to be able to get this assignment done in under two weeks. I have therefore decided to lean towards my trusty sister.


My sister has a huge love for music. She especially loves the festivals and the feeling she gets when she is squashed like a sardine in the middle of a mosh pit. I hope to communicate this love and adoration for music festivals which have been something that she identifies with. How?

Through her narration of events that she has undertaken, ambient sounds and live music from the festival that we have recorded running in the background. Layering these sounds so that the busy and hectic vibe of the festival can be felt through the audio. I’d also like to incorporate some soft tones to represent the love and the feeling she gets when she’s at them and after they are over. I want it to feel very free spirited, just how festivals make you feel.

If this can be done well, hopefully it’ll sound like a dream land and make everyone want to attend a festival.


Understand Globalization in 5 Minutes


Essentially, globalization is the world coming together to share goods and to communicate with everyone from anywhere.

This video explains globalization in an extremely easy way. One that can be understood by just about anybody and in no time at all – LESS than five minutes.

This second video delves deeper into the pros and cons of globalization, something that does need to be considered for future reference as it does effect the environment and our human population which is something that is quite scarce.

Source here.

Source here.

Appadurai explains five ‘scapes’ that contribute to the exchange of ideas and information, this being globalization. What are these scapes you may be wondering?

  1. The Ethnoscape –
    This is the migration of people across cultures, countries and continents.
  2. Technoscape –
    As clearly stated, it deals with technology  and the global configuration of it.
  3. Finanscape –
    Originating from finance, this scape deals with currency and stock, everything in relation to money is under this scape.
  4. & 5. Mediascape and Ideoscape –
    The distribution and production of information and images created by the media.

I very much like the way that Appadurai has sectioned off these different factors of globalization into these scapes as it makes the concept and the characteristics easier to understand.

The O’Shaughnessy and Stadler reading essentially explains what globalization is and how it works. It outlines the characteristics of globalisation which some are negative and positive as seen in the video above.

They go on to explain Marshall McLuhan’s idea of ‘the global village’ which suggests that people in the world can be brought together by globalization which I believe is in fact very true as the countries are sourcing from one another and communicating at extremely easy levels now that communication has been made easier from the inventions of the phone and internet, plus transport.

O’Shaughnessy and Stadler also go on to bring up the topic of cultural imperialism which I thought was extremely interesting as I’d never heard much of it before until then.

And here, I finish off with a video that helped me understand Cultural Imperialism just that little bit more.



Appadurai, A (1996) ‘Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy’, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 27-47.

O’Shaughnessy, M and Stadler, J (2008) ‘Globalisation’, Media and Society (fifth edition) Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 458-471.

“It’s A Place of Escape” – Sound Portrait featuring Lara Fitzpatrick

Using ,my sister’s wonderful talent and face for the camera, I have created a Sound Portrait based on the place she likes to visit to relax and be free, the local pond. 






Sound Portrait 

Jade Fitzpatrick

Just as The Beatles once sang, ‘Come Together’…

The Book, Volume 1: Page 12, Picture 8, 1963, A picture of the legendary English rock group "The Beatles", L-R: Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, and John Lennon  (Photo by Popperfoto/Getty Images)

Image source here

Here is my Storify task for the first week of JRNL102. Enjoy and let me know what you think of it.







JRNL101 – Citizen Journalists are on the Rise

Citizen journalists can be defined as people of the general public that analyse and share news by the means of the Internet.

A woman passing a serious car accident snaps a smartphone picture and posts it on her Facebook chat site with the caption, ‘bingle on the highway, hope everyone is okay‘ is an example of how citizen journalism takes place.

On the ABC’s website, the issue of citizen journalism has been addressed through the likes of interviewing a citizen journalist themselves, Mount Gambier resident, Josh Lynagh.

Lynagh started Limestone Coast Community News in 2013 and has since, reached 11,000 likes on his Facebook page. This is more than what Mount Gambier’s local newspapers Facebook page has (4,500 in 2014).

Lynagh makes comment on this in the following statement:

“I’ve always had a real interest in the community and what’s going on.

“I would just post the SAPOL (SA police) Limestone Coast page updates…from then I started doing fire or severe weather warnings and I started getting people messaging me about community events.”

There are good insights into what citizen journalism can bring to the industry.

‘Can you think of a better example of freedom of speech – or freedom of the press for that matter – than social media and citizen journalism? We’re free to express our opinions as we see fit.’

However, there is belief that citizen journalism is going to be the downfall of the industry. 

‘… it gets more difficult for all of us to decide what to believe. With traditional journalism, it was safe to assume for a long time that the information we were getting was factual. Checked and re-checked for accuracy.’

“I’m literally just a guy who is very interested in the community and what’s going on,” explained Lynagh to ABC.

Citizen journalism isn’t so harmful, and both professional and citizen journalists can co exist, just as they do today.

JRNL101 – Career Aspirations and Issues in Journalism Today

Arta Ramadani. Studying a Bachelor of Communications and Media Studies.

Arta Ramadani. Studying a Bachelor of Communications and Media Studies.

“I’m not afraid of not getting a job, I’m afraid of not getting a job because I won’t report on something I don’t agree with” says eighteen year old Brock Walsh when asked about his fears in the journalism industry. His view being extremely captivating, Walsh shows the security he has within himself. With photo journalism and/or correspondence as his journalistic preferences, Walsh tells me that one of the issues journalism is facing is the idea of ‘citizen journalism’. “It’s a worrying trend. Also, how journalists aren’t considered ‘journalists’, and are officially called ‘social media coordinators.”

The idea of citizen journalism also crosses future photo journalist, Cassandra Norris’ thoughts.

“Source credibility in citizen journalism, safety of foreign correspondents overseas, and in the field of photo journalism the issue that “everyone is a photographer” or that everyone thinks they are one.” With both opinions being said, it makes it clear that it is a main concern to studying journalists today.

Undertaking a Bachelor of Journalism/Bachelor of Communications and Media Studies, Norris is able to relate to the way that journalism is changing. “Journalism is changing in the way we consume the content. We’ve moved away from just reading the newspaper and the 6pm news to reading the newspaper online and watching the news whenever we want because we now have the technology to record TV and catch up on TV through apps.”

Along with citizen journalism, the growth of technology and finding a good story to tell are also issues that Kimberley Perlowski and Arta Ramadani shed light on.

“Today journalists face many issues from the increased growth in technology especially in fashion journalism with social media. Although it’s an issue, it’s starting to change the face of journalism, probably for the better” expresses nineteen year old Perlowski who is currently undertaking a Bachelor of Arts, in hopes of transferring to communications next semester.

Bachelor of Communications and Media Studies student, Arta, makes the following statement about issues in journalism:

“Finding a unique story [is an issue journalists face today] as it is so competitive and there are other companies competing to share the same stories. It makes it harder to find an engaging way to connect with the audience”.

Ramadani is an aspiring travel/photo journalist and is concerned about getting her work noticed in an industry that is so competitive.

Although there are many changes that are taking place and that will take place in the future of journalism, the students acknowledge the change as being a good one in some perspectives.

“It’s good in that it gives readers a far more expansive net of information from a far more expansive group of people, leading to new perspectives and new ideas on almost every issue” says Walsh.

It has been discovered that the future journalists of the world are concerned for what is to come, however, they are also embracing all the changes that are headed their way and are ready to adapt to a new way of telling stories.

Written By: Jade Fitzpatrick.